IME: hired guns


Also know as Medical Whores


What is an IME?

It is an examination scheduled by your employer, its insurance carrier or third party administrator. The purpose of the IME is to obtain information about your injury from another source in order to evaluate or contest your injury.


How is it independent?

It isn’t. We prefer that you think of the examination as a “defense medical examination.” The insurance company selects the doctor who is going to perform the examination from its list of (preferred) ‘approved’ doctors. Who do you think is on the list? That’s right, doctors who have told the insurance company what it wants to hear.

Who performs these examinations?

Doctors of all variety of skill and training do these examinations. Typically, we see doctors who are just starting out in practice and doctors who are winding down their practices (yep, that’s right, there are many octogenarians!). Both of these groups of doctors are looking for another way to add to their income by doing these exams. A smal group consists of doctors who actually enjoy the work, which frequently involves testifying in legal matters. It is important to understand that money, and the promise of future income can often will influence opinions. Medicine is not an exact science. There is often room for reasonable doctors to come to different conclusions about the same case. That is why people seek second opinions. If an examining doctor could go either way on an opinion, do you think that he is going to go your way or go where the money is?

Is the examining doctor required to follow the rules of the medical profession?

Yes and no. Because the doctor will not treat you, no doctor-patient relationship arises as a result of the examination. What you tell the doctor is not privileged. The doctor has no legal duty to you. So, if his opinion is wrong, he cannot be sued. The doctor will not tell you what the doctor thinks and will not answer your questions. But, the doctor needs to be able to show that the examination was done according to normal protocols and that he reached his conclusions in a medically reasonable manner, otherwise the doctor’s opinion can be rejected by the court as inadmissible or as unbelievable. There is a lot of room for manipulation of the outcome.

IMEs or Medical Whores

Hired gun-IMEFor those who are not familiar, workcover claims/case managers are able to require an injured worker to attend an appointment with a medical specialist for a so-called independent medical examination. The claims manager may or may not provide the medical specialist with the injured worker’s claim file or other (relevant) medical reports that have been undertaken. The ‘independent’ medical specialist will be asked to answer one or more questions relating to the existence and management of the injured worker’s medical condition.

The subsequent report of the medical practitioner, provided it complies with the relevant guidelines, can then be used to determine the injured worker’s entitlements and in any relevant legal proceedings. An injured worker must attend the independent medical examination, for failure to do so would be considered a breach of the obligation of mutuality and could result potentially in the discontinuance of weekly payments.

There is no specific provision in the Workers Rehabilitation and Compensation Act dealing with IMEs and, as such, there is no limitation on the justification for the number of independent medical examinations that a case manager can require an injured worker to attend.

It is very well known that some IMEs (some whom are even flown in interstate) have a reputation for being pro WorkCover; that is, they are more likely to provide a report that is favourable to the claims manager’s interests and hence detrimental to the injured workers.

These include independent medical examiners engaging in unorthodox practices designed to intimidate injured workers and are also known as HIRED GUNS or Medical Whores (prostitutes).

We found an interesting but older (2004) parliamentary “Questions on notice”  where Senator Harradine asked in writing: How many specialists does Comcare employ to assist it in making determinations as to whether to continue liability or otherwise? How does Comcare determine which specialists it employs (as consultants or in any other role)? How does Comcare determine whether to discontinue using a particular specialist? Please provide a list of all specialists employed rude-doctor-imeby Comcare, their names, positions and company, and the dollar amounts paid to each for each of the last five years?  From this paper you can see how much certain IMEs have been paid by Comcare, reflecting the (over) use of some well known not so independent IMEs. For example, DR JOHN MICHAEL SABOISKY received $61,530  between the years 98/99 to 03/04.DR NEIL WILLIAM MCGILL was paid $60,863… Worth having a look at. See Answers to estimates questions on notice – additional estimates 2003-04.

Wouldn’t it be very interesting if all workcover authorities and their agents published their lists of IMEs and the dollar amounts paid to each one? Undoubtedly we would see the ‘preferred’ IMEs.

Did you know that a small group of IMEs are paid up to $500,000 to deny claims and surgery!? Also see original media article (NZ) “Minister to examine latest ACC claims“; “High-paid ACC doctors in Otago“; “Questions and Answers – September 13“; “Questions are being asked about ACC’s specialist assessors

The 4 doctors named are Martin Robb, Vic du Plessis, Bill Turner and David Beaumont

Dr Beaumont and Dr Robb are registered as consultants by the Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Whils these IMEs were identified in New Zealand, We have been made aware that at least one of the doctors has already visited Australia, used by a certain workcover insurance company, to, ah well, deal with long(er) term injured sods! Beware!

How to prepare yourself for an IME

You may want to start by reading our popular but factual article entitled Disillusion yourself of any idea that the independent medical examiner is independent to get a good idea of what we are talking about (and dealing with) here!

There are quite a few things you can do to protect yourself during and independent medical examination (a must read) however here we expose a number of known hired guns which you must avoid at all cost! (Many more useful articles can be found under the Tag ‘Medical Exam (IME)‘.)

Some, most of those so called IME’s will kill your case in less than 5 minutes.

Refusing to attend an IME / complaining about an IME

If your case manager/workcover insurance has requested you attend a well-known hired gun for an “independent assessment”, you may be able to refuse to see this IME, it is your right to refuse to be examined by a totally biased IME and your lawyer can help you to be send for examination to another more ethical independent doctor, on the argument that ‘all IMEs are supposed to be independent, so what’s the problem?’. However, generally speaking you would need to have ample hard evidence that this IME is biased. This can be in the form of a publication (news article, journal article, etc) showing a clear bias (and as such ‘conflict of interest), but you can also make a case in the event this IME has a ‘fishy’ past (eg. prior convictions etc).

If you believe the IME has ill-treated you, please make a formal complaint. You must do this in writing to the workcover authority, and also to the medical board in your state.

If a worker is concerned about the conduct of a [s112 (VIC)] IME examination, they may make a complaint (best in writing) to the workcover authority.

Complaints may include allegations of any of the following:

  • causing unnecessary pain in an examination
  • complaints of an examiner’s manner
  • incorrect reporting
  • inappropriate behaviour

Also make a written complaint to your insurer (case manager/cc Team Leader) and request the IME makes corrections to his/her report.

For more info on how to make a complaint see FAQ WorkSafe Vic → Workcover Vic Complaints

Similar processes apply in all states.

If the worker has lodged a complaint and specifically requested not to be referred to the IME again, agents should seek an alternative IME for future examinations.

And remember that you can appeal any decision your insurer has made based on for example a dodgy IME report!

Before you collapse from a nervous breakdown at the imminent prospect of having been requested to see a hired gun, please take a deep breath and take some comfort in the fact that many of those hired guns are laughed out in Courts! That’s right! Their reputation(s) are so bad, they simply have no ‘leg’ to stand on when it comes to their biased and twisted ‘opinions’ or even ‘testimonies’ in a court of law. Many are not even trained in the field of our injuries (i.e you suffer from a complex orthopedic injury yet are sent to a geriatric octogenarian ‘occupational’ physician or worse, a ‘general surgeon’) and their opinions do not compare to those of our own experts in the field! believes that our government can and should do a far better job within workcover system to at least ensure that all workcover victims are treated fairly so that they have the best possible chance of reaching optimal recovery after a work injury.

Getting rid of biased IMEs

One way to ensure a fairer system would be to purge all poor quality -and frankly- biased insurer-chosen IME doctors, which are a massive ongoing problem for injured victims.

In order to attempt an ending to the practice of substandard, biased IMEs injured workers should all add links to interesting stories and legal cases with quotes from the judges (where applicable) of fact that speak volumes about the inferior quality of these IMEs.

Injured workers should also make a formal complaint about any biased, unethical, inappropriate IME they have been sent to.

Read more on how YOU can take action, and help us purge the system of all rogue IMEs>>

Know of any disgraceful, biased IME?

Know of any biased, bad IME? Please share this doctor with your fellow injured workers.
However, please be aware that the administrators of have received lawsuit threats for alleged DEFAMATION. (see case 1, and case 2). It is therefore extremely important that, if you wish to name and shame an IME, you provide the hard evidence of alleged wrongdoing and that you are fully prepared to stand up in a court of law to defend a defamation lawsuit!

If you cannot provide written evidence of wrongdoing, aworkcovervictimsdiary simply cannot publicly publish your allegation(s), as they are not prepared to cop the blame for unfounded slander, and be dragged into a court of law and deal with the additional cost and stress of litigation for something you wrote without substance.

You can however rate any doctor on “rate an MD website” and use the link (and not the IMEs name) in a comment. Yoy can also rate and review our list of known IMEs on our IME List page. You can also use anonymous sites such as PasteBin.

Example of RateMD


Good luck with your IME’s…. make sure your read the articles under ‘IME’  for some good tips and insights and how to prepare and protect yourself during those dreaded examinations.


tipA Useful resource: List of IMEs and ratingsrate


updated 24 Sept 2014

329 Responses to “IME: hired guns”

  1. Beware of the ‘chain’ through which you IME report flows. Real life example:
    – you claim in Vic, your insurer is based in NSW (TAL)
    – Insurer engages lawyers (TurksLegal) based in Vic
    – TurksLegal engages ‘intermediary’ (IMO P/L) based in NSW
    – IMO P/L engages ‘specialist’ IME based in Vic
    – IME assesses claimant’s health and creates report
    – IME sends report to IMO P/L
    – without knowledge or authority of IME, IMO P/L modifies report
    – IMO P/L sends modified report to TurksLegal who present it as ‘expert witness evidence’ in mediation
    – claimant, on advice of Maurice Blackburn, settles on basis of presented IME report
    – 3 years after settlement claimant discovers IME report (expert witness ‘evidence’) had been unlawfully modified by IMO P/L (tampering with evidence)

  2. Be aware of your privacy rights.
    Collection of personal/health information by IMEs – and the entities they are engaged by – is governed by various state and Federal legislation. An IME can only collect personal/health information that is NECESSARY for its lawful functions / activities.
    If you can’t see how certain information asked of you is relevant to / necessary for the IMEs task, ask them to justify. Eg how does the name of the school you attended assist in assessing your health?
    Once you have given unnecessary information it’s extremely difficult to retrieve it.
    As your health is a private matter you can object to the presence of parties not necessary for the performance of the IME.
    If you choose to have your own witness present during the IME it would be extremely difficult for the dr / entity to justify refusing you that right.

  3. Just read the article about not annoying your lawyer.
    Some important things to remember.
    1 – your lawyer works for YOU. You don’t work for them. If you want to contact your lawyer every 30 mins, by all means do so. Just remember – time is money! Lawyers love money and put a $ value on every minute of their time.
    2 – your lawyer has no obligation to continue to work for you. If you annoy them too much they can and probably will withdraw their serviced. Then you need to find a new lawyer, pay out the old lawyer (who won’t release your file until you do) and essentially start again.
    3 – just because someone is a lawyer (even one working for an expensive, high profile firm) is no guarantee of ‘quality’ or genuine interest in your case. There are great lawyers, good lawyers, poor lawyers and totally useless lawyers. If you think your lawyer is not acting to your requirements, take the time to collect and record your thoughts and talk to them about your concerns. If their answers don’t satisfy you – find a new lawyer. The longer you wait the worse – and more costly – it will be. Bear in mind, your opponent will try to use any ‘change of practitioner’ – lawyer or doctor – against you.
    4 – whether you do or don’t ‘trust’ your lawyer, from day-one record your conversations. Consider it insurance. For many/most people dealing with lawyers can be stressful. The reason you need a lawyer causes enough stress. It’s good to be able to go over what was said in the quiet, relaxed atmosphere of your own home. If your lawyer is not happy with/agreeable to you recording your conversations perhaps you need to wonder why. It’s your ‘life’ and money they are playing with. Are they not prepared to stand by their words/advice?

    • Great advice Keith 🙂 I’ve been down that same road and I fully agree. Lesson 1 in my books would be first and foremost NEVER give original copies of anything to your Solicitor. Keep the original and give them copies Unless required for Court, then make sure you keep a copy). Also don’t let them obtain the information e.g. under FOI and get information you may need but not give you a copy, you always should have a full copy of all of your records at all times. If things don’t work out and you need to move on and end the arrangement, many Lawyers will not release your file until you pay the bill (even if the bill is not justified and is in dispute). Then refer the matter to the Legal Services Commissioner if need be.

  4. Some useful advice. When engaging with an IME take a digital audio recorder with you. Under Victorian law you are not required to tell them you are recording the conversation. (I have done this. It’s 100% legal.) Check your local laws. If you’re not comfortable to record wthout telling them – tell them. You have every right to keep your own (reliable) record of events. If they refuse to continue that’s their decision. You have not obstructed anything. Pursuant to Health Records Act 2001 (Vic) (check your local laws) and Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) you have the enforceable right to access ALL of your personal and health information held by the dr performing the IME and / or by the c/o that employs them. Prior to attending an IME insist on a hard copy of the Privacy Policy of the dr and of each and every entity that might recieve any/all of your personal / health information as a result of the IME. BEFORE you sign any ‘privacy agreement’ be certain you know exactly who you are dealing with – the entire chain. Eg Dr X is engaged by mlcoa which is owned by MedHealth Pty Ltd which is owned by a huge US corp. Who/which entity is the health service provider? Who/which entity owns/lawfully holds your personal/health information? CAREFULLY read EVERY document you are asked to sign. If anywhere on the document there is a ‘company name’ you are not familiar with, ask why it is there. You might be deemed to be signing your rights away to that company / organisation.
    Be VERY wary of Dr Peter Charles Farnbach formerly of Epworth Clinic Camberwell Vic. (Check AHPRA)

    • Again Keith, great advice and I fully agree. I always record the appointments and usually use 2 devices unless one fails. I will also take a support person as well if one is available and ask them to take notes as well (in addition to the recordings). You should also be aware that you can revoke or revise your medical authority. That’s a BIGGY!

    • P.S. Always be aware that you will usually be under surveillance in the week or days before the IME, on the day of the IME and possibly for days or in the week following. They try to catch you out by getting footage that they will edit to make it look like you are misrepresenting your injury.

      You are always entitled to a copy of what the Insurer is supplying to the IME and if it’s not accurate make them change it. If you want to take stuff for the IME to consider, make the Insurer add it to the attachments. If you take it yourself the IME can and most often will ignore it if it supports your condition.

      Another thing I read one worker did was to attend the IME, then withdraw his medical authority so the report could not be released and then he obtained a copy of the notes and report before the Insurer got it under the Health records Act. (You need to know a little about the Law when doing some of the things I mention with your medical authority.)

      Also Allianz love to use Professor Peter Doherty who is a Psychiatrist in Melbourne. In my Claim file it says that they have paid him and the PI approx $12,000 even though I have never attended an appointment with the man.

  5. In February 2017, I attended consultation with Dr Kipling Walker of Macquarie Street, Sydney for a Fitness-For-Duty (“FFD’) consultation and report for my return to work after depression caused by workplace bullying. I found Dr Walker to be frightening, unethical, deceitful, inept and extremely dangerous. On account of Dr Walker’s report, my employer terminated my employment in November 2017. My employer contracted Dr Walker to do the same to a work colleague in 2014. She took her matter to the Fair Work Commission and her dismissal was found to be unfair and my employer was forced to reinstate her to her former position. Dr Walker should not be practising in any field let alone destroying the lives of innocent people through his unscrupulous conduct in psychiatry.

  6. Hi, I am so pleased I researched the Dr’s name in google which is Dr [removed], do you think I should contact a lawyer, my appointment with him is in 3 weeks, I am under TIO in NT, they have referred me to see him and not my GP’s or Neurosurgeons report recommendations referals in Nth Qld???

  7. hi, Thanks for all the important information you have posted on this site. It has been really helpful. I have been with WorkCover for about a year now and not a very pleasant experience so far but I have a good lawyer so that’s always a great help. I have been told to see an occupational physician for the second time and I’m a bit worried because the first one was not helpful. I was in the examination room for about 15 mins, didn’t really do much examining but he had a lot to say about my injury. I then saw a different specialist of my own choice and he had been a God sent. The new occupational physician I was asked to see is Dr Phillip Haynes in Melbourne and I really don’t know much about him. so please let me know if I need be worried and also if you know of any other occupational physicians we specialise of lower back injuries that I can see. Thankyou again

    • Can’t recommend any off hand but there are definitely some to avoid. Check out the IME list for the bad ones. There is plenty of info on here.

    • Yes I have been examined in May 2001,by Dr Philip Haynes, Occupational Physician, when he was in Market street Sydney on behalf of Allianz. During his examination of my back he wanted me to bend backwards so since I thought he knew what he was doing I trusted him and of course had to do what he said, I thought. From that day I was not able to walk up slopes comfortably and found I was leaning forward to do this. Its only after back surgery in 2015 that I can once again walk up slopes without bending forward, which had also put extra strain on my back. My GP had told me at the time, and wrote in my court documents, that after Dr Haynes examination I was not fit to work due to the ‘aggravation by medical examination by Dr Haynes’. My GP also told me I should seek a claim for the new problems as a result of his examination. So from 2001 to 2015 I was not able to walk up slopes without difficulty. I hope your health improves and your pain lessens.

      • Thank you for sharing! I am sorry this happened to you, but not surprised…. Remember you can generally ask to be seen by a different IME, via your lawyer, all they need to do is write a letter to the insurer stating that an IME is independent so what is the problem going to another IME. It worked for me when I was asked to see a certain IME for the 2nd time, and I refused on the basis that all IMEs are supposed to be independent, and was given another choice of 3 IMEs.

  8. has any one had dealings with insurance company eml and their preferred doctors in particular cardiologists in Sydney.

  9. Be aware that in NSW the guidelines for IME’s have been changed, the insured now MUST give you a choice of 3 IME’s so you can pick one. they must start with 3 within 30km’s, if none, 50km’s and gradually expanding outwards.

    Sharon Hughes June 23, 2017 at 6:49 pm
  10. Hi thanks for your reply he reported in my favour aswell! My original doctor gave me 55 wpi but dr brown stuffed up my results whoever does see him my advice is check your results! Dr browne first gave me 4% wpi then after seeing my doctors report gave me 20% wpi then after i saw a doctor from the WCC dr loretta reiter she gave me 31% wpi and stated shes not sure how dr browne got 20%wpi according to the same charts should of been more like 34%wpi because their results were similar. This is for regional pain syndrome right arm! Now we are proceeding to a damages case and the insurance want me to see dr browne again for a work capacity assessment. Hope this goes well! Thanks again for your reply i appreciate it ?

  11. Hi guys thanks for sharing your experience with your cases iv been on workers comp since mid 2013 and its been one hell of an awful ride! The insurance company’s have caused me more pain than my injury I didn’t believe they could be this bad! I feel for you guys I really do! I have a question guys iv been asked to attend an ime examination for the 3rd time this time with a rheumatologist they have selected 3 and want me to choose one they are: dr Christopher Browne,dr loretta reiter & dr Peter youssef. I was wondering if anyone can give me any info regarding these doctors like if anyone has been to them anything will help I don’t know which one to choose. Thanks guys all the best 🙂

    Rondell Sally May 31, 2016 at 4:00 pm
    • Hi. I don’t know the other 2 drs but I did see dr Christopher Browne a few years ago. He actually reported to the insurer in my favor. Not sure what he’s like now though.

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